After the prayer of Moses to God to appoint a leader to replace him so that a lsrael would not be without a leader. God instructed him to Joshua the son of Nun,a man with the spirit of God and lay his hand upon him. He told Moses to make him stand before Eleazer, the priest and the entire congregation. He should be commissioned before the people and this would make the people to obey himas soon as he becomes a leader.
Prior to the above, Joshua was one of the twelve spies sent out and his courage gave a lot of support to the people . Also, he was a man of faith and through his faith the people actually overcome at the end.

The instructions God gave to Joshua on his assumption of leadership over Israel.
1. God assured Joshua of his victory and success in leadership assignments.
2. The book of the law should not depart from the mouth of Joshua.
3. Joshua should meditate on the book of the law day and night in other to do what is written on it.
4. By doing what is written on the book of the law,he would make his way prosperous Continuation
and success would come to his way.
5. God directed Joshua on how to conquer the city of Jericho and the people were to match against it for seven days.

(i)political leaders are expected to be courageous
(ii)Political leaders are expected to lead the people by the law of God
(iii)Political leaders are expected to be good examples before the people that they are leading.


The prayer of the righteous is very powerful in its working (or, operation).” James has just exhorted us to “pray for one another, so that you may be healed.” This may refer to healing from illness, especially illness that may be the result of unconfessed sin. Or, it may refer also to spiritual healing, since James has instructed us to confess our sins to one another. But his point is that whether your need is physical or spiritual, prayer is very powerful. But, he qualifies it. In other words if we have been justified by faith, we stand before God with a righteousness that is not our own. If you think that you can approach God through your righteousness, you do not understand the gospel. The gospel shuts us all up under sin, showing that our own righteousness will never satisfy God’s holy.

(ii)It’s built into our very existence. Because we are created in His image, God’ image, we are to mimic Christ-like behavior.

(ii)Prayer is an avenue to resolution, the path to finding an answer to a problem. It provides insight to our dilemmas and tough decisions.

Then Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord in front of the whole assembly of Israel, spread out his hands

– toward heaven and said: “Lord, the God of Israel, there is no God like you in heaven above or on earth below—you who keep your covenant of love with your servants who continue wholeheartedly in your way. You have kept your promise to your servant David my father; with your mouth you have promised and with your hand you have fulfilled it—as it is today. “Now Lord, the God of Israel, keep for your servant David my father the promises you made to him when you said, ‘You shall never fail to have a successor to sit before me on the throne of Israel, if only your descendants are careful in all they do to walk before me faithfully as you have done.’ And now, God of Israel, let your word that you promised your servant David my father come true. “But will God really dwell on earth? The heavens, even the highest heaven, cannot contain you. How much less this temple I have built! Yet give attention to your servant’s prayer and his plea for mercy, Lord my God. Hear the cry and the prayer that your servant is praying in your presence this day. May your eyes be open toward this temple night and day, this place of which you said, ‘My Name shall be there,’ so that you will hear the prayer your servant prays toward this place.

(i) By identifying and providing peculiar needs of their society
(ii) By building industries and productive infrastructure capable of creating employment opportunities
(iii) By commiting resources to the improvement of human capital through scholarships and grants


In the evening after Jesus had died on the cross, a wealthy man, named Joseph of Arimathea,who was a disciple of Jesus went to Pilate and requested for the body of Jesus. His request was granted and he took the body of Jesus and laid it in his own tomb. The women disciple Mary Magdalene and other many were there and sat opposite the sepulchre. Soldiers were posted to the tomb to ensure that His body was not stolen by His disciples, in order to tell the people that He has risen. The soldiers did not only guard the tomb,but highly secured it by rolling a stone on it to seal the tomb

(i) Excessive/expensive coffin
(ii) Engagement of expensive entertainer






(a) Sleeping and Waking up Early
(b) Use of Miswak
(c) Having always a pleasant smile
(d) Doing Hijama (Cupping)
(e) Sit while eating or drinking
(f) Always speaks good or keep silent.

Bismillah Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem
Qul a’udhu bi Rabbi-n-nas
Alladhi yuwaswisu fi suduri-n-nas
Min al-jinnati wa-n-nas


Prophet Muhammad (S, A, W) was monogamous for 25 years when married to his first wife, Khadija bint Khuwaylid . After her death in 619 CE, he
over time married a number of women. Which are Sawdah, `A’ishah, Umm-Salamah, Hafsah, Zaynab bind-Khuzaymah, Zaynab bint-Jahsh, Umm-
Habibah (Ramla), Maymunah, Zaynab bint-`Umais, Juwayriyah, Safiyah, Khawlah bint-Hakim
Of his 13 wives, only two bore him children : Khadija and Maria al-Qibtiyya . The objectives of Muhammad’s marriages have been described
1. Helping out the widows of his companions.
2. Creating family bonds between him and his companions
(Muhammad married the daughters of Abu Bakr and Umar, whereas Uthman and Ali married his daughters. He therefore had family bonds with all the first four Caliphs).
3. Spreading the message by uniting different clans through marriage.
4. Increasing credibility and sources for conveying his private family life. If he only had one wife, then it would have been a tremendous responsibility on her to convey Muhammad’s private acts of worship and family life, and people would try to discredit her to destroy the credibility of these practices.


1. Sahih al-Bukhari
2. Sahih Muslim
3. Sunan Abu Dawood
4. Sunan al-Tirmidhi
5. Sunan al-Nasa’i
6. Sunan ibn Majah

Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī ( Arabic : ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ) is one of the Kutub al-
Sittah (six major hadith collections) of Sunni Islam , compiled by
Persian scholar Muhammad al-Bukhari . It was completed around
846 CE / 232 AH.

Shari’ah is an Islamic religious law that governs not only religious rituals but also aspects of day-to-day life in Islam.

(iv)Legal reasoning

(i)Quran is the word of Allah that was revealed in Arabic to prophet Muhammad who is the last prophet as stated clearly in the Qur’an.
(ii)The sunnah refers to the habits, practices, words, and
decisions of the Prophet Muhammad in Sunni Islam, and of
the Prophet

Tayammum is the Islamic act of dry Ritual purification using a purified sand or dust, which may be performed in place of ritual washing (wudu or ghusl) if no clean water is readily available or if one is suffering from moisture-induced skin inflammation or scaling.

1. Finding a piece of ground which is free of najaasah (unclean elements). This could be any surface that naturally collects dust like rock or sand.[contradictory]
2. Mentally make niyyah, or intention to make tayammum.
3. Recite the bismillah.
4. Place the hands on the surface of the ground.
5. Lift your hands and ensure that there is no dust on your palm surface by hitting your hands together.
6. Rub your face with both your hands. The face encompasses the right ear to the left, and the top of the forehead to the bottom of the chin
7. Rub your hands with one another

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